Slovenia – officially “the Republic of Slovenia” [Slovene: Republika Slovenija], is a country in Central Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. Slovenia borders Croatia on the south and east, Italy on the west, Hungary on the northeast, the Adriatic Sea on the southwest and Austria on the north. Slovenia’s area is 20,273 square kilometres and Slovenija has a population of around 2 million. Around 40% land mass of Slovenia is elevated land – mostly mountains and plateaus. The highest point of Slovenia is the 2,864 metres (9,396 ft) high Mount Triglav and the lowest point is the Adriatic Sea at sea level.
Most of the population speaks Slovenian (official language). The capital and largest city of Slovenia is Ljubljana. Slovenia was part of the Roman Empire; partly the Republic of Venice; the principality of Carantania (only modern Slovenia’s northern part); the Holy Roman Empire; the Habsburg Monarchy; the Austrian Empire (later known as Austria-Hungary); the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929); partly Kingdom of Italy; between the two World Wars it was occupied and or annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary, and the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945); and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 until recent independence in 1991.
Slovenia is a member of the European Union (EU), the Eurozone, the Schengen area, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, NATO, UNESCO, WTO, and UN. National currency is Euro (€).